Lesser White-fronted Goose – a globally threatened species, observed in the Bourgas lakes


Lesser White-fronted Goose and a Bean Goose have been observed in Bourgas lakes in the last days of January, during the regular monitoring of birds in the wetlands of Bourgas by a team of the Bulgarian Society for the Protection of Birds (BSPB).

photo Nicky Petkov/www.NaturePhotos.eu/Lesser White-fronted Goose

Both species of geese are very rare in Bulgaria. Particularly enjoyable is the presence of the Lesser White-fronted Goose, which is a globally endangered species that is being cared for internationally. The Lesser White-fronted Goose and the Bean Goose are spotted among a flock of 3500 Greater White-fronted Geese. Observations of this globally threatened species in the Bourgas Wetlands have increased over the past 4 years, probably due to more detailed surveys of wintering geese occurring in the area. Statistics show that this is the 45th observation of a Lesser White-fronted Goose in Bourgas since 2014 or since targeted surveys of the species have been conducted. The frequent observations of a Lesser Whitefronts in the region of Bourgas make the Burgas wetlands one of the most important areas for the species on the territory of Europe.

It was not until the end of January that the BSPB team established in the region of Bourgas 17 000 greater white-fronted geese. This is the highest number of species in the country this winter. As one of the end destinations for wintering for the Greater White-fronted Goose, their numbers in Burgas wetlands vary greatly depending on the weather conditions. Although the temperatures in Burgas during this winter are rather spring, probably under the pressure of low temperatures and snow in the countries north of Bulgaria, the first large flocks of geese arrived in Bulgaria in the middle of January.

Along with 17,000 Greater White-fronted Geese, 120 Red-breasted Geese – another globally threatened species – have been observed. This rare and endangered species is increasingly wintering with higher numbers in Bourgas wetlands, the peak being last year with around 40,000 individuals in the region.